Rochester Monojet Carburetor

The 1MV monojet carburetor is a single down draft unit using a triple ventuir in conjunction with the plain tube nozzle. The main venturi is 1 7/32″ in diameter and the throttle bore is 1 7/16″.
Fuel flow through the main metering system is controlled by a main well air bleed and a fixed orifice jet. A venturi velocity power enrichment system is used to provide good performance during moderate to heavy acceleration and at higher engine speeds.
An exhaust gas recirculation, E.G.R. system controls oxides of nitrogen emissions. The E.G.R. valve is operated by a vacuum signal taken from the carburetor throttle body.
A vacuum supply tube installed in the carburetor throttle body connects by a passage to timed vertical ports located in the bore of the throttle body and float bowl. The ports provide a vacuum signal to the E.G.R. valve in the off idle and part throttle operation of the carburetor.
The E.G.R. valve, mounted on the intake manifold, circulates a metered amount of exhaust gases to the combustion mixtures to lower peak combustion temperatures, thereby reducing oxides of nitrogen during these ranges of engine operation.

The E.G.R. system is not in operation during the engine idle.

A pleated internal paper fuel inlet filter is mounted in the float bowl behind the fuel inlet nut to give maximum filtration of incoming fuel.

The carburetor has an aluminum throttle body, a thick throttle body to bowl insulator gasket, and a internally balanced venting through a vent hole in the air horn which leads into the bore beneath the air cleaner. The float bowl is externally vented under extreme conditions through a pressure relief valve system.

The carburetor part number is stamped on vertical section of float bowl, next to fuel inlet.

An idle stop solenoid is used to control idle. The solenoid is electrically  controlled through the ignition switch. When the ignition switch is tunred off, the solenoid is denergized, allowing the carburetor throttle valve to close further, preventing the engine from running after the ignition switch is turned off. On manual transmission models, the  solenoid also deenergizes when the clutch is disengaged.

Rochester Monojet Identification

Monojet Identification

1980 Monojet 1ME Exploded View & Parts List

1981-85 Monojet 1ME Exploded View & Parts List

1985 & Later Monojet 1MEF Exploded View & Parts List

Float Level Adjustment

Monojet Float Level

Fast Idle Cam Adjustment

Monojet Carburetor

Vacuum Break Adjustment

Monojet Carburetor

Choke Coil Lever Adjustment
Quadrajet Adjustment

Trouble Shooting the Monojet M MV Carburetor

Adjust the Idle Mixture


Recent Posts

Car Stalls When Putting in Gear

I was recently asked about a Thunderbird that dies when putting the transmission in drive.

This could be caused by a vacuum leak, or possibly it is starving for fuel. Knowing that this particular vehicle has a multitude of vacuum hoses going to the carburetor, I would go with a vacuum leak 1st.

Disconnect all of the vacuum lines from the carburetor and plug off the vacuum ports on the carburetor. If the problem goes away you know it’s a vacuum leak causing the problem. Connect the hoses, one at a time until the problem returns. Obviously if the problem returns when connecting one of the lines, you have found your problem. The hose may have a hole, or something it connects to is leaking.

The carburetor itself could be leaking vacuum. You can spray carburetor cleaner around the mounting plate and the throttle body. If the idle changes, or smooths out, then you found the problem.

If you rebuilt the carburetor check to make sure you installed all of the gaskets correctly. The wrong gasket could leave a passage open to air causing a vacuum leak.

If it is starving for fuel, then you have all sorts of things to look for. 1st, if the carburetor hasn’t been rebuilt, then it may just be dirty, clogging up a passage. The float valve could be sticking, not allowing enough fuel to flow in.

The fuel pump pressure could be too low. Test the fuel pump pressure with a fuel pump pressure tester. On a Thunderbird it is probably around 5-7 lbs, but always check your motors manual for the correct specification.

The float valve could be sticking closed not allowing enough fuel to enter.

The float could be adjusted incorrectly. Check the float level.

I’m sure there are several things I haven’t even thought about. Let me know if you have any suggestions. I would appreciate it.

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