Rochester Monojet Carburetor

The 1MV monojet carburetor is a single down draft unit using a triple ventuir in conjunction with the plain tube nozzle. The main venturi is 1 7/32″ in diameter and the throttle bore is 1 7/16″.
Fuel flow through the main metering system is controlled by a main well air bleed and a fixed orifice jet. A venturi velocity power enrichment system is used to provide good performance during moderate to heavy acceleration and at higher engine speeds.
An exhaust gas recirculation, E.G.R. system controls oxides of nitrogen emissions. The E.G.R. valve is operated by a vacuum signal taken from the carburetor throttle body.
A vacuum supply tube installed in the carburetor throttle body connects by a passage to timed vertical ports located in the bore of the throttle body and float bowl. The ports provide a vacuum signal to the E.G.R. valve in the off idle and part throttle operation of the carburetor.
The E.G.R. valve, mounted on the intake manifold, circulates a metered amount of exhaust gases to the combustion mixtures to lower peak combustion temperatures, thereby reducing oxides of nitrogen during these ranges of engine operation.

The E.G.R. system is not in operation during the engine idle.

A pleated internal paper fuel inlet filter is mounted in the float bowl behind the fuel inlet nut to give maximum filtration of incoming fuel.

The carburetor has an aluminum throttle body, a thick throttle body to bowl insulator gasket, and a internally balanced venting through a vent hole in the air horn which leads into the bore beneath the air cleaner. The float bowl is externally vented under extreme conditions through a pressure relief valve system.

The carburetor part number is stamped on vertical section of float bowl, next to fuel inlet.

An idle stop solenoid is used to control idle. The solenoid is electrically  controlled through the ignition switch. When the ignition switch is tunred off, the solenoid is denergized, allowing the carburetor throttle valve to close further, preventing the engine from running after the ignition switch is turned off. On manual transmission models, the  solenoid also deenergizes when the clutch is disengaged.

Rochester Monojet Identification

Monojet Identification

1980 Monojet 1ME Exploded View & Parts List

1981-85 Monojet 1ME Exploded View & Parts List

1985 & Later Monojet 1MEF Exploded View & Parts List

Float Level Adjustment

Monojet Float Level

Fast Idle Cam Adjustment

Monojet Carburetor

Vacuum Break Adjustment

Monojet Carburetor

Choke Coil Lever Adjustment
Quadrajet Adjustment

Trouble Shooting the Monojet M MV Carburetor

Adjust the Idle Mixture


Recent Posts

How a Choke Works Integral Type

When the engine is cold a richer fuel mixture is needed. As it warms up the mixture must be leaned out. This is where the automatic choke circuit comes into play.
Choke ThermostatChoke Thermostatic Coil

The choke shaft extends through the carburetor into a round housing. Inside the housing there is a thermostatic coil spring. This spring will wind & unwind depending on the temperature. When cold the thermostat will hold the choke valve closed. As the temperature warms up, the spring expands and allows the choke valve to open.



Vacuum BreakChoke Vacuum Piston

The choke vacuum piston is linked to the choke butterfly by a small linkage. At idle, which will have full vacuum, the piston will be pulled into the piston well. This puts pressure against the thermostat coil trying to open the choke valve slightly.


Offset Choke Valve

Not all carburetors will have this air valve. Marvel Schebler & the Holley 1 barrel carburetors are a few examples that do. The air valve is placed offset on the choke valve. This keeps the choke from causing a too rich condition.

stove PipeStove Pipe

Most automatic chokes systems will use a stove pipe to heat up the thermostat coil. The pipe heats up, using the exhaust manifold and the heat is then pulled up to the thermostat using vacuum from the carburetor, which is fed by the intake manifold.

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