Smooth acceleration requires a momentary increase in the supply of fuel. The air flow through the carburetor responds almost immediately to any increase in carburetor throttle valve opening. The fuel within the metering passages will lag momentarily in its response to the pressure difference created by this increased air flow. This lag in fuel response will cause a temporary leanness in the fuel air mixture that results in a hesitation in engine acceleration. A mechanically operated accelerating pump system supplies added fuel to provide a richer fuel air mixture for this brief period of time.
The accelerating pump, located on the side of the lower body assembly, is actuated by linkage connected to the throttle shaft. When the throttle is opened on acceleration, the diaphragm forces fuel from the accelerating pump chamber into the discharge channel. The inlet ball check closes to prevent a reverse flow of fuel. Fuel under pressure forces the discharge ball check and the weight off its seat, allowing fuel to pass up to the discharge nozzle. The fuel is sprayed from the nozzle into the air stream above the main venturi.
When the throttle plate is closed on deceleration, a return spring forces the diaphragm back, drawing fuel through the inlet channel. The inlet ball check opens, allowing fuel to pass into the chamber while the discharge ball check closes, preventing entry of air.